AP Chapter 3


AP European History: The Western Heritage Since 1300

Chapter 3: The Age of Reformation


Learning Objectives

  1. What was the social and religious background of the Reformation?
  2. Why did Martin Luther challenge the Church?
  3. Where did other reform movements develop and how were they different from Luther’s?
  4. What were the political ramifications of the Reformation?
  5. How did royal dynastic concerns shape the Reformation in England?
  6. What was the Counter-Reformation and how successful was it?
  7. What was the social significance of the Reformation and how did it affect family life?
  8. What was life like in early modern Europe?
  9. How was the transition from medieval to modern reflected in the works of the great literary figures of the era?

Chapter Outline

  1. Society and Religion
  2. Martin Luther and German Reformation to 1525

III. The Reformation Elsewhere

  1. Political Consolidation of the Lutheran Reformation
  2. The English Reformation to 1553
  3. Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation

VII. The Social Significance of the Reformation in Western Europe

VIII. Family life in early Modern Europe

  1. Literary Imagination in Transition
  2. In Perspective

Chapter 3 Review Questions


Society and Religion:

  1. What problems in the Church contributed to the Protestant Reformation? b. Why was the Church unable to suppress dissent as it had earlier?

Martin Luther and the German Reformation to 1525:

  1. What were the basic similarities and differences between the ideas of Luther and Zwingli?
  2. Between Luther and Calvin? c. How did the differences tend to affect the success of the Protestant movement?
  3. Why did the Reformation begin in Germany? b. What political factors contributed to it success there as opposed to France, Italy, or Spain?

Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation:

  1. What was the Catholic Counter-Reformation? b. What reforms did the Council of Trent introduce? c. Was the Protestant Reformation healthy for the Catholic Church?

The English Reformation to 1553:

  1. Why did Henry VIII break with Rome? b. Was the “new” Church he established really Protestant? c. How did the English Church change under its successors?

Family Life in Early Modern Europe:

  1. How did the Reformation affect women in the 16th & 17th centuries? b. How did relations between men & women, family size, and child care change during this period?


Act of Supremacy(119)              Augsburg Confession(115)        indulgence(101)                       Reformation(97)

Anabaptists(110)                       electors(103)                            predestination(112)

%d bloggers like this: