AP Chapter 5

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Chapter 5: European State Consolidation in the 17th & 18th Centuries

(Pg# 167-201)

Learning Objectives:

  1. What was the Dutch Golden Age and what led to its decline?
  2. What factors led to the different political paths taken by England and France in the 17th Century?
  3. How did conflicts over taxation and religion lead to civil war in Stuart England?
  4. Why were efforts to establish absolute monarchy successful in France but unsuccessful in England?
  5. What were the main characteristics that defined the Polish, Austrian, and Prussian states in the 17th and 18 Centuries?
  6. How did Peter the Great transform Russia into a powerful, centralized nation?

Chapter Outline:

  1. The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline
  2. Two Models of European Political Development

III. Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England

  1. Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV
  2. Central and Eastern Europe
  3. Russia Enters the European Political Arena

VII. In Perspective

IG:                                           Ch. 10: #157-171

Vocabulary: divine right of kings(170),Glorious Revolution(177),                          parliamentary monarchy(170), fronde(179), Jansenism(186), political absolutism(170), Gallican Liberties(183), Junkers(194), Pragmatic Sanction(193), Puritans(171), Sejm(191),Table of Ranks(199)

 

REVIEW QUESTIONS

The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline

  1. What were the sources of Dutch prosperity and why did the Netherlands decline in the eighteenth century?

Two Models of European Political Development

  1. Why did England and France develop different systems of government and religious policies?

Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England

  1. Why did the English king and Parliament quarrel in the 1640s? What were the most important issues behind the war between them, and who bears more responsibility for it? What was the Glorious Revolution, and why did it take place? What role did religion play in seventeenth century English politics?

Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV

  1. Why did France become an absolute monarchy? How did Louis XIV consolidate his monarchy? What limits were there on his authority? What was Louis’s religious policy? What were the goals of his foreign policy? How did he use ceremony and his royal court to strengthen his authority?

Central and Eastern Europe

  1. How were the Hohenzollerns able to forge their diverse landholdings into the state of Prussia? Who were the major personalities involved in this process and what were their individual contributions? Why was the military so important in Prussia? What major problems did the Habsburgs face and how did they seek to resolve them? Which family, the Hohenzollerns or the Habsburgs, was more successful and why?

Russia Enters the European Political Arena

  1. How and why did Russia emerge as a great power but Poland did not? How were Peter the Great’s domestic reforms related to his military ambitions? What were his methods of reform? How did family conflict influence his later policies? Was Peter a successful ruler?
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